Negative Space

Negative space is the area which surrounds the main subject in your photo (the main subject is known as the “positive space”). This definition is rather abstract, so take the following example;  Negative space defines and emphasizes the main subject of a photo, drawing your eye to it. It provides “breathing room”, giving your eyes […]

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Diagonals and Triangles

It is often said that triangles and diagonals add ‘dynamic tension’ to a photo.  What do we mean by ‘dynamic tension’ though? This can be a tricky one to explain and can seem a bit pretentious. Look at it this way, horizontal lines and vertical lines suggest stability. If you see a person standing on […]

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Leading Lines

Leading lines help lead the viewer through the image and focus attention on important elements. Anything from paths, walls or patterns can be used as leading lines. Take a look at the examples below. Leading lines do not necessarily have to be straight as illustrated by the picture above. In fact curved lines can be […]

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Frame Within the Frame

Including a ‘frame withing the frame’ is another effective way of portraying depth in a scene. Look for elements such as windows, arches or overhanging branches to frame the scene with. The ‘frame’ does not necessarily have to surround the entire scene to be effective. The use of scenery viewed through arches was a common […]

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Symmetry

There are times when placing a subject in the centre of the frame works really well. Symmetrical scenes are perfect for a centered composition. They look really well in square frames too. This photo of the Ha’penny Bridge in the city of Dublin was the perfect candidate for a centered composition. Architecture and roads often […]

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Rule of Thirds

The rule of thirds is very simple. You divide the frame into 9 equal rectangles, 3 across and 3 down as illustrated below. Many camera manufacturers have actually included the capability to display this grid in live view mode. Check your camera’s manual to see how to turn on this feature. In this photo, the […]

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